by Dott. Eugenio di Zenobio  Naturalistic Guide    
by Dott. Eugenio di Zenobio  Naturalistic Guide    

Abruzzi Chamois

The presence in the territory and its diffusion

The Rupicapra Ornata must its salvation to the institution of the National Park of Abruzzo in 1922. Born from the Royal Preserve, the National Park was born to protect the last chamois (and bears) still living in the Camosciara area. In the 1920 only 15-20 chamois were remained and after the second warld war 30-40! This decimation was caused by the ruthless poachers, as the publications at that time prove.
With the Royal Preserve, the Abruzzi chamois had a quite life. Then, between the abolition of the Royal Preserve and the institution of the National Park of Abruzzo, it was a drammatic reduction of the population. Since 1922 to now huges steps are been, thanks to the sever protection and safeguard of the National Park of Abruzzo.
Today in the National Park 600 specimen live free, and others live in faunistics-areas (big enclosure where the animal lives in half freedom, but it's necessary to make the scientific-research and to guarantee the repopulating of the species). With the great increment of the population, a too much strong density has been attained (like in Rose's Valley).
With the great increment of the population, a too much strong density has been attained (like in Rose's Valley).
To avoid crossbreed between kinsmen and the risk of diseases and epidemics, it is been decided to creat originals groups to guarantee the survival of the species.
So the chamois is been reintegrated, with great success, in the 1990 on the Majella's mountains and in 1992 on Gran Sasso's mountains.
In the future the chamois will be reintegrated also in the National Park of Sibillini (where there are evidences of its presence) and in the Regional Park of Sirente-Velino, with the aim to increase the present area of "the most beautiful chamois of the world".
Considering that on the Gran Sasso there are 60 chamois and the same number on the Majella, we can say the global population of Abruzzi chamois consists more of 750 specimens.